A contemporary artist can draw with different tools in addition to his talent: charcoal, red chalk, graphite, pencils, black chalk, ink , pens...(...)
- The charcoal: It is charcoal. It is one of the first means used by man to draw. It is used like a pencil to trace outlines and color. Using the charcoal stick, the lines can be thin or wider depending on the inclination given to the drawing. the tool. Contrasts are worked on, areas can be darkened or left blurry.
- The black stone: It is perfect for drawing white outlines on colored supports. Coupled with a stump which allows you to work on the lines drawn at a glance. stone, this duo creates unique effects.
- The sanguine: Its success is growing steadily. Florence in the 15th century. Artists even use it alone for their drawings. It is made of ferruginous clay. The range of tones goes from red to purple. It allows you to lay down the line of the drawing, but also to color it with contrasting effects of shadows playing with the light. This gives relief to the drawing. Red chalk is particularly used for portraits.
- The graphite: It is a wooden pencil, also known as a pencil. paper. It is made up of of carbon. It is black or gray in color. Different leads produce pencils that are rather hard, dry and others which are rather oily. The renderings are then different.
- The pastels: These are sticks made with earth, dyes and gum arabic. Pastels can be oily (powders are diluted with dilution of pigments, clay and oil) or dry (dilution of pigment powders with special water).
The place of drawing in art
Drawing, which is the first step in many plastic artistic activities, is not always highlighted and presentation to the talent of its designer. As it is sometimes « just » used like a sketch for the preparation of a finished work of art, we forget that it is an art in itself.
Museums do not always, or almost never, give it as important a place as that reserved for museums. painting or the sculpture. However, diversity and the richness of this technique are undeniable. Many contemporary artists claim this technique today.
The drawing is affected by its field of sensitivity; particular. Far from being limited to; a simple preparation for a final work, it touches with its own characteristics.
Speak « drawing » moreover is as global as talking about « painting », its multiple drawing artists each having their own traits and their specific universes.
The great names of cartoonists in history
Prehistoric men and women
A quick nod to start with the cavemen and women. Indeed, if it is writing that takes Man from prehistory to modern times, History, it seems that the works of prehistoric caves are the beginning of what we consider to be human art.
Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519), a genius and designer
Léonard is considered by some as the greatest cartoonist of all time. This genius artist drew with his left hand and painted with his right hand. Almost outside the human sphere, this man surprises, not only because he is ambidextrous but because he perfectly masters this art.
He is also capable of drawing &oelig Works in different fields. In the technical field, with for example the drawings of the flying screw or the aerial machine, the beginnings of the helicopter.
But also sketches of the human body, such as for example the extremely famous "Vitruvian Man", drawn by pen and wash and representing the proportions of the human body according to Vitruvius (a Roman architect who lived in the 1st century BC).
Antonin Artaud (1896-1948)
This artist-designer mixed writing and drawings.
He is known for his self-portraits and his portraits from friends to; lead pencil and colored chalks.
The drawings and paintings of Artaud were successful and were widely used. exhibited during his lifetime. They are inseparable from his work and reflect the artist's universe as well as his writings.
Gustave Moreau (1826-1898)
The drawings form the essential part of the work of this contemporary artist. From his first travel diary in Italy in 1841 to the final drawings for "Les Lyres Mortes" in 1897.
Drawing provided him with the means to account for his life. cu, like a diary.
He remained faithful to him all his life. the teaching of his teacher the school of fine arts, which gave capital importance to drawing.
Gustave Moreau uses drawing in a very academic way, however it can be used in a professional way. very differently by other artists, such as Picasso for example.
Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)
Picasso's family says that the artist's first word was "piz" to get a pencil(Spanish translation) . Since he was very young, he has been drawing and using this technique to express his ideas and emotions.
During his career, the artist-designer would have achieved more than 7000 works on paper.
This contemporary artist uses drawing in his deconstruction of plastic language. He literally breaks with the codes of classical drawing. He exploits the human figure and the human body by making them undergo a process of transformation. He simplifies forms as much as possible, sometimes like a child.
He seeks naïveté to focus on the truth interior of the subject. If he uses drawing as preparatory work for his career, his paintings, he also claims drawing as a means of expression for himself. whole part.