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Turner

Joseph Mallord William Turner, painter from the end of the 18th century, is a watercolorist, oilist and engraver, specialist in landscapes and seascapes, many of which, through their blur and luminosity, announce Impressionism.

 

Birth, childhood and youth

William Turner was probably born in on April 23, 1775 at 21, Maiden Lane at London near St. Paul's Cathedral. He was baptized on May 14 of the same year in the Covent Garden district of London. London.
He was the son of a barber and wigmaker named William Turner. His mother Mary Marshall suffered from psychological problems, particularly after her premature death. of his daughter Mary Ann, younger sister of William. William Turner's mother was subsequently interned and died in 1804.
Despite these circumstances, William Turner's childhood went well and the pred. disposes of pictorial art: the Covent Garden district, where it grows, is in fact frequent; by many painters.
When he was ten years old, William went to live abroad. Brentford, at west of London, at his mother's brother's house. It’s Brentford that William sets out to draw. At the age of eleven he followed his uncle to Kent and continued to travel. draw. His father, at London, exhibits his son's work in his shop and manages to achieve success. sell them.


Beginnings and training

William's father gets his son hired by an engraver in Covent Garden. Then at At the age of 14, William Turner became a designer for an architect. At this time, Turner took technical drawing lessons (perspective, architecture) with Thomas Malton.
The same year, 1789, William Turner entered the studio. the Royal Academy. William Turner met Joshua Reynolds, painter and then president of the institution. During the summer 1789, William exhibited his watercolors in Paris. the Royal Academy. His talent was quickly noticed; and in 1793 he received the distinction « Greater Silver Palette » of the Royal Academy.
Three years later, William Turner exhibited his first oil painting, entitled "Fishermen at Sea", in Paris. the Royal Academy: it is a navy, a subject which greatly inspired Turner, which is striking for its academic rigor, extremely figurative and realistic, as well as for its mysterious, almost ghostly. Throughout his career, Turner regularly exhibited at large exhibitions. the Royal Academy.

 

Consecration

His early talent and his paintings of landscapes and seascapes allow him to explore William Turner quickly gained notoriety. and recognition. In 1802, at at the age of 27 to Afterwards, he became a royal academician. He obtained sufficient funding to visit Europe and thus find other sources of inspiration. Two years later, William Turner was able to open his art gallery in New York. London to sell his works.
At the age of 32 he became a professor at the university. the Royal Academy, where he was a student and a frequent participant in exhibitions. This stability professional ensures her good income which allows her to settle comfortably.


Influences and technique

William Turner was inspired by by 17th century painting: the French painters Claude Gellée known as Claude le Lorrain and Nicolas Poussin, but also the Dutch painter William van de Velde and his compatriot Albert Cuyp. From their influence he gained a taste for landscapes, seascapes and also portraits.
Turner began his apprenticeship with engraving and drawing, before trying his hand at painting. watercolor then oil.
His technique, very free, did not hesitate to experiment. mix different processes and materials, watercolor and oil, but also beer and macerated tobacco. which he applied to his canvases.


Major works

  • The Battle of Trafalgar

This very large canvas, produced between 1822 and 1824, is freely inspired by the Battle of Trafalgar. Freely, because it combines various episodes of the combat, such as the sinking of the ship Le Redoutable or the destruction of the mast of the ship HMS Victory, without respecting the chronology.

 

  • The Last Voyage of the Bold

This painting is the most famous painting by the painter William Turner. It was exhibited for the first time in 1839 in Paris. the Royal Academy. It depicts the journey of this ship, used during the Battle of Trafalgar, towards Rotherhithe, where it was destroyed.

  • The burning of the House of Lords and Commons

Created in 1835, this painting depicts an event attended by William Turner. from a boat. The painting surprises with its realism but also with its subtle color gradations, heralding the blurring and fading of impressionism.

 

  • The Slave Ship

This painting, created in 1840, is the most politically engaged by the painter William Turner. It was created by the artist at the time when Great Britain had just abolished slavery in 1833. The scene takes place against a backdrop of the setting sun with its tints. both dazzling and mixed which also obviously prefigure the impressionist movement of the end of the 19th century.


End of life and death

William Turner, a Londoner at heart, never left this city. He withdrew, the end of his life in a small street in Chelsea to lead a discreet life. He died there on December 19, 1851 of cholera. He is buried in the crypt of Saint-Paul Cathedral.


Postés

Although it was influenced by by the great masters of landscape such as Lorrain and Poussin, Turner announces in many aspects, in addition to impressionism, abstract art. This is particularly the case with some of his most famous paintings. more ethereal works like "Rain, Steam and Speed: The Great Western Railroad".
In his will, Turner bequeathed all his works ;works the British state. They were inventoried and classified by John Ruskin, executor of Turner's will, then exhibited at the gallery. the Tate Gallery, now called Tate Britain.

Découvrez quelques oeuvres inspirées de Turner

Named contemporary work « alizarine », Made by MARIEF
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W. 50 x L. 60 x D. 60 cm
marief
Named contemporary work « Dunes 2 », Made by VAL.H
150 €
W. 17 x L. 16 x D. 16 cm
val.h
Named contemporary work « 462 AURORA BOREAL (GROENLANDIA) », Made by NEUS BRUNET CAPDEVILA
200 €
W. 73 x L. 60 x D. 60 cm
neus brunet capdevila
Named contemporary work « Ocre marine », Made by ERNIE
500 €
W. 45 x L. 30 x D. 30 cm
ernie
Named contemporary work « Peinture acrylique 4834 », Made by MUSTAPHA BELKOUCH
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W. 18 x L. 24 x D. 24 cm
mustapha belkouch
Named contemporary work « 468 AURORA BOREAL, MURMANSK (RUSIA). », Made by NEUS BRUNET CAPDEVILA
400 €
W. 110 x L. 80 x D. 80 cm
neus brunet capdevila
Named contemporary work « Peinture acrylique 4829 », Made by MUSTAPHA BELKOUCH
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W. 30 x L. 30 x D. 30 cm
mustapha belkouch
Named contemporary work « Évasion », Made by SP
500 €
W. 27 x L. 41 x D. 41 cm
sp
Named contemporary work « Le Clemenceau », Made by CAROLE MELMOUX
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W. 46 x L. 65 x D. 65 cm
carole melmoux
Named contemporary work « Le vieux port de Bizerte », Made by FLAVIEN SEMPéRé
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W. 65 x L. 46 x D. 46 cm
flavien sempéré
Named contemporary work « Venise rose », Made by ANNICK DAVID
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W. 85 x L. 117 x D. 117 cm
annick david
Named contemporary work « Sunset », Made by JACQUELINE
725 €
W. 70 x L. 50 x D. 50 cm
jacqueline
Named contemporary work « 489 COLORES DE LA AURORA BOREAL », Made by NEUS BRUNET CAPDEVILA
300 €
W. 80 x L. 80 x D. 80 cm
neus brunet capdevila
Named contemporary work « Envelope », Made by ROMAIN CHABOT
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W. 31 x L. 41 x D. 41 cm
romain chabot
Named contemporary work « Croire en sa chance », Made by MANOé
800 €
W. 60 x L. 60 x D. 60 cm
manoé
Named contemporary work « ENTRER DANS LA LUMIERE », Made by VERONIQUE AVRIL
120 €
W. 53 x L. 64 x D. 64 cm
veronique avril
Named contemporary work « Forêt enchantée », Made by VIVIANE LESZCZYNSKI
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W. 60 x L. 40 x D. 40 cm
viviane leszczynski
Named contemporary work « Peinture acrylique 4985 », Made by YVES HILL
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W. 100 x L. 100 x D. 100 cm
yves hill
Named contemporary work « 20 novembre sur l'A1 (149) », Made by CAROLINE VIANNAY
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W. 30 x L. 24 x D. 24 cm
caroline viannay
Named contemporary work « Marcher vers la lumière », Made by MANOé
2 000 €
W. 93 x L. 116 x D. 116 cm
manoé
Named contemporary work « 488 TIEMPO DE CREPÚSCULO », Made by NEUS BRUNET CAPDEVILA
150 €
W. 55 x L. 46 x D. 46 cm
neus brunet capdevila
Named contemporary work « Dragonfly 2 », Made by ISABELLE LE PORS
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W. 20 x L. 30 x D. 30 cm
isabelle le pors
Named contemporary work « tower bridge (London) », Made by FRANçOIS-VASSIL ANDREEFF
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W. 65 x L. 46 x D. 46 cm
françois-vassil andreeff
Named contemporary work « Zig Zag », Made by JEAN-BERNARD VUILLE
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W. 40 x L. 50 x D. 50 cm
jean-bernard vuille
Named contemporary work « "Espèces d'Espaces 80 I - L'île" », Made by ARMELLE FOX
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W. 80 x L. 80 x D. 80 cm
armelle fox
Named contemporary work « Harmonie », Made by LUCE 85
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W. 81 x L. 65 x D. 65 cm
luce 85
Named contemporary work « Artic Fox II », Made by MIKEL QUINTANA
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W. 27 x L. 37 x D. 37 cm
mikel quintana
Named contemporary work « Voile jaune », Made by XAM
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W. 30 x L. 30 x D. 30 cm
xam
Named contemporary work « Gounini », Made by MICHEL PELOSATO
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W. 21 x L. 29.7 x D. 29.7 cm
michel pelosato
Named contemporary work « Peinture acrylique 4986 », Made by YVES HILL
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W. 80 x L. 80 x D. 80 cm
yves hill
Named contemporary work « Paddle », Made by CHRISTIAN CHARTIER
950 €
W. 80 x L. 60 x D. 60 cm
christian chartier
Named contemporary work « 20 novembre sur l'A1 (185) », Made by CAROLINE VIANNAY
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W. 24 x L. 30 x D. 30 cm
caroline viannay
Named contemporary work « 01728 - Vagues », Made by HENRY SIMON
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W. 65 x L. 50 x D. 50 cm
henry simon
Named contemporary work « Au lever du jour », Made by LUCE 85
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W. 80 x L. 80 x D. 80 cm
luce 85
Named contemporary work « Venezia 3 », Made by JEAN-FRANçOIS ZANETTE
1 600 €
W. 150 x L. 50 x D. 50 cm
jean-françois zanette
Named contemporary work « La fuite d'Egypte », Made by ROBERT BASS
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W. 80 x L. 80 x D. 80 cm
robert bass
Named contemporary work « Voyage », Made by CHRISTIAN CHARTIER
950 €
W. 115 x L. 75 x D. 75 cm
christian chartier
Named contemporary work « Fraicheur d'été - Sold / Vendu - Estimation : 40 000  € », Made by CHARLES CARSON, GMBA, CREATEUR DU MOUVEMENT 'CARSONISME'
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W. 76.2 x L. 101.6 x D. 101.6 inch
charles carson, gmba, createur du mouvement 'carsonisme'
Named contemporary work « Dunes 1 », Made by VAL.H
150 €
W. 20 x L. 17 x D. 17 cm
val.h
Named contemporary work « Peinture à l'huile 5229 », Made by YOUNES
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W. 46 x L. 55 x D. 55 cm
younes
Named contemporary work « Explosion d'une planète », Made by ALAIN MENARD
200 €
W. 46 x L. 34 x D. 34 cm
alain menard
Named contemporary work « La Hougue », Made by VAL.H
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W. 34 x L. 55 x D. 55 cm
val.h
Named contemporary work « La Nuit tombe à Lacanau », Made by LéNA TERESHONOK
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W. 25 x L. 25 x D. 25 cm
léna tereshonok
Named contemporary work « Peinture acrylique 4827 », Made by MUSTAPHA BELKOUCH
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W. 30 x L. 30 x D. 30 cm
mustapha belkouch
Named contemporary work « Gaviotas e escumas », Made by MARTA
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W. 38 x L. 16 x D. 16 cm
marta
Named contemporary work « I don't understand », Made by ROGER BOUBENEC
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W. 153 x L. 153 x D. 153 cm
roger boubenec
Named contemporary work « CLAIR OBSCUR », Made by JEAN PIERRE SALLE
360 €
W. 55 x L. 38 x D. 38 cm
jean pierre salle
Named contemporary work « OR 4 », Made by MIREILLE MAURY
380 €
W. 50 x L. 50 x D. 50 cm
mireille maury
Named contemporary work « Ria D’Etel », Made by MICHAEL MARSEILLE
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W. 40 x L. 30 x D. 30 cm
michael marseille
Named contemporary work « out of control », Made by ABDEL DJABALI
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W. 41 x L. 28 x D. 28 cm
abdel djabali