Go back
THE OFFICIAL DIRECTORY OF CONTEMPORARY ARTISTS
Current locale language
Matisse

Henri Émile Benoît Matisse, born December 31, 1869 in Cateau-Cambrésis died November 3, 1954 inNice. He was painter, drawer , engraver and sculptor.
Henri Matisse was a significant figure in 20th century art and his influence was considerable. The way in which he simplified and stylized forms and how he used color determined the choices of numerous painters, both figurative and abstract, who succeeded him.

 

Childhood and youth

Henry Matisse was the son of a grain merchant and an amateur painter. He grows up to Bohain-en-Vermandois where his family had moved in. after 1870.

After working on working for a notary as a clerk for some time, he had to remain bedridden. several weeks and discovered at once this opportunity the pleasure of painting. Once recovered, he resumed his job as a cleric but also enrolled in a university. a drawing class. His first painting "Still life with books" was created in June 1890.

Five years later, Matisse signed up for the the school of fine arts at Paris, where he followed the lessons of Gustave Moreau.

 

His work

Early exhibitions and Fauvism

A year later, in 1896, Henry Matisse was able to exhibit for the first time, first at the Salon des Cent, then at the Salon de la Société National School of Fine Arts.
Quickly, Matisse distinguished himself by the very bright colors he used in his paintings. This becomes more marked after he had stayed there Collioure, on the banks of the Mediterranean. During the exhibition of his paintings in 1905 at the Salon des Indépendants, the vigor of the colors he used earned him and others recognition. other of his painter friends, including Albert Marquet and André Derain, to be considered outrageous. The term « fawn » is quickly used to designate this trend and the qualifier is claimed by the artists themselves. Henri Matisse becomes the leader of this new pictorial school.

 

    • Canvases: "Dance" and "Music"

    These two major canvases of his work were ordered from him in 1909 by a Russian collector named Sergueï Shchukin. They were presented in France in 1910, at the Salon d'Automne, then left for Moscow.
    These two paintings are perfectly characteristic of Fauvism, particularly through their very colorful colors. s vivid, especially those of the characters, with orange-red hues. But also by the violent contrast of colors, three in number, red orange, blue and green.
    The dance, very large in size, represents five dancers doing a round. The whole canvas evokes a rapid, even frenzied, movement.
    The music uses exactly the same colors and represents five characters, perhaps the same dancers, one playing the violin , another on the flute when the other three seem to be singing.

    The simplification of the lines and colors in these two paintings sums up the pure style very well. by Henri Matisse.

     

    • The Niçoise period

    In 1914, Henry Matisse left Collioure and moved to Paris. Nice. He spent the winter of 1916-1917 there and then settled there, considering the Côte d’Azur as a paradise whose colors inspire his paintings. In 1921 he took up residence at Place Charles-Félix, in Paris. Nice, where he rents an apartment overlooking the sea. From Nice, he can visit North Africa. This is the period of paintings representing odalisques: Odalisque à red panties, 1921; Odalisque gray panties, 1925.

    It’s also the time when’ he represents members of his family going about their daily life. domestic occupations, such as conversing, reading, walking, playing music: Woman the window Nice, 1922; The flower festival in Paris Nice.

     

    In 1924, Matisse turned to sculpture. He created his work "Large Seated Nude" which combines, characteristically of his style, curved shapes and angular lines.
    Matisse the sculptor also executed, over a very long period, going from 1909 to 1909. 1930, a series of nudes from behind in bas-relief.

     

    Matisse always devoted his attention to a lot of time drawing, alongside its activity paint. He produced quantities of them, most of them figurative. Many of them are sketches and preparatory studies. His drawings, instantly recognizable, fall into two categories.

    The first, the advanced drawings, are developed and executed with great attention to detail, using different instruments , charcoal, graphite, charcoal or pencil. Among them we can cite "La Grande Odalisque en culotte bayadère", 1925.
    The second category, pure drawings, are simplified drawings. s to the extreme, in a single stroke. Among them, we can cite "Madonna and Child on a Background of Flowers and Stars", 1950.

     

    • Engraving

    Matisse was also interested in engraving, a discipline that he devotes to portraiture. He achieved nearly a thousand prints, using different tools and supports: etching, aquatint, linocut. An example among others of the work of the engraver "Matisse is Nude bleu VII", 1958.

     

    • Cutting papers

    Towards the end of his life, Henri Matisse became interested in to the cutouts. Thus, in the 1940s, Matisse illustrated by means of his cut-outs, more precisely his « cut gouaches », a work of art entitled Jazz. published September 30, 1947.

     

    • The rosary chapel of Vence

    Finally, between 1947 and 1951, Henri Matisse worked on the decor of the Chapelle du Rosaire in Paris. Vence. He first developed the plans for the future building, then its decoration: stained glass windows, fonts, ceramics, ornaments. The chapel, whose first stone was laid in 1949, was completed in 1951.

     

    Death and posterity

    Henri Matisse died on November 3, 1954 at Nice. He is buried at the Cimiez cemetery. He was hailed, both during his lifetime and after his death, as a remarkable talent, as much as a painter, as a draftsman, engraver and sculptor.

    The Matisse Museum in Nice is inaugurated in 1963.

    The influence of the genius painter, engraver, sculptor and designer is considerable: all the pictorial movements, figurative or abstract, which followed him owe something to him. thing. Thus, the New York school, and Jackson Pollock, for example, abstract painter, is inspired by the bright colors of Matisse's paintings. But Andy Warhol, a more figurative painter, leader of Pop Art, is just as much: his series of celebrity portraits in strident colors illustrate this. Warhol also declared that he wanted « êbeing Matisse » in 1956.

    Découvrez quelques oeuvres inspirées de Matisse

    Named contemporary work « Variations énigmatiques 6 », Made by ISAURE
    PRIVATE COLLECTION
    W. 22 x L. 27 x D. 27 cm
    isaure
    Named contemporary work « Beauté farouche », Made by MARCO RE
    PRIVATE COLLECTION
    W. 61 x L. 38 x D. 38 cm
    marco re
    Named contemporary work « Gentils Coquelicots sous le ciel du BLANC NEZ », Made by CATOPALE
    MAKE AN OFFER
    W. 70 x L. 50 x D. 50 cm
    catopale
    Named contemporary work « Tryptique », Made by ANNE LEFèVRE RéMY
    PRIVATE COLLECTION
    W. 60 x L. 60 x D. 60 cm
    anne lefèvre rémy
    Named contemporary work « les larmes », Made by BRUNO BRANTE
    400 €
    W. 21 x L. 29.7 x D. 29.7 cm
    bruno brante
    Named contemporary work « Migrant », Made by LV
    600 €
    W. 72 x L. 100 x D. 100 cm
    lv
    Named contemporary work « Effet 2023 », Made by VALENTINE CARRE
    PRIVATE COLLECTION
    W. 21 x L. 29.7 x D. 29.7 cm
    valentine carre
    Named contemporary work « Connais toi toi meme », Made by GARANCE
    PRIVATE COLLECTION
    W. 50 x L. 66 x D. 66 cm
    garance
    Named contemporary work « tout ira bien pour eux », Made by P.P.
    PRIVATE COLLECTION
    W. 80 x L. 60 x D. 60 cm
    p.p.
    Named contemporary work « Formes géométriques », Made by ANNE LEFèVRE RéMY
    PRIVATE COLLECTION
    W. 80 x L. 60 x D. 60 cm
    anne lefèvre rémy
    Named contemporary work « Lumière noire », Made by GARANCE
    PRIVATE COLLECTION
    W. 50 x L. 60 x D. 60 cm
    garance
    Named contemporary work « Alhambra », Made by A.LALMI
    MAKE AN OFFER
    W. 41 x L. 52 x D. 52 cm
    a.lalmi
    Named contemporary work « CHAT 4 », Made by FAYARD
    250 €
    W. 65 x L. 50 x D. 50 cm
    fayard
    Named contemporary work « Les trois poires », Made by MITRA SHAHKAR
    2 500 €
    W. 46 x L. 38 x D. 38 cm
    mitra shahkar
    Named contemporary work « Louisiane », Made by KATIA CASELLAS-CLERTé
    300 €
    W. 50 x L. 70 x D. 70 cm
    katia casellas-clerté
    Named contemporary work « Soleils », Made by VALENTINE CARRE
    100 €
    W. 40 x L. 60 x D. 60 cm
    valentine carre
    Named contemporary work « Iodum », Made by THEB
    300 €
    W. 38 x L. 56 x D. 56 cm
    theb
    Named contemporary work « Tulipe », Made by NATHALIE JENNE
    550 €
    W. 60 x L. 60 x D. 60 cm
    nathalie jenne
    Named contemporary work « FOLIE FLEURIE  90X90 cm », Made by GUENAIZIA
    MAKE AN OFFER
    W. 90 x L. 90 x D. 90 cm
    guenaizia
    Named contemporary work « Symboles pour la planète », Made by FRéDéRIC HAIRE
    750 €
    W. 100 x L. 100 x D. 100 cm
    frédéric haire
    Named contemporary work « Seerosen », Made by JJNELLY
    295 €
    W. 40 x L. 50 x D. 50 cm
    jjnelly
    Named contemporary work « Forêt pétrifiée », Made by JEAN-FRANçOIS LESENFANS
    1 300 €
    W. 100 x L. 160 x D. 160 cm
    jean-françois lesenfans
    Named contemporary work « BOUQUET FLEURI », Made by BOURILLON KAO
    1 500 €
    W. 130 x L. 100 x D. 100 cm
    bourillon kao
    Named contemporary work « NATURE MORTE AVEC FRUITS 1890 », Made by FAYARD
    180 €
    W. 70 x L. 70 x D. 70 cm
    fayard
    Named contemporary work « Life color », Made by ALAIN CABOT
    1 200 €
    W. 50 x L. 50 x D. 50 cm
    alain cabot
    Named contemporary work « MANDALA rouge », Made by LAULPIC
    PRIVATE COLLECTION
    W. 55 x L. 55 x D. 55 cm
    laulpic
    Named contemporary work « Golden night », Made by ALEX SHEREMET
    470 €
    W. 65 x L. 65 x D. 65 cm
    alex sheremet
    Named contemporary work « Ego », Made by BERGERAK
    MAKE AN OFFER
    W. 40 x L. 50 x D. 50 cm
    bergerak
    Named contemporary work « Ice cream boats », Made by STOECKLIN FRéDéRIC
    PRIVATE COLLECTION
    W. 40 x L. 50 x D. 50 cm
    stoecklin frédéric
    Named contemporary work « LES TROIS BECS 3 », Made by FAYARD
    300 €
    W. 110 x L. 80 x D. 80 cm
    fayard
    Named contemporary work « Automne », Made by LV
    400 €
    W. 60 x L. 80 x D. 80 cm
    lv
    Named contemporary work « Curiosité », Made by HANA.M
    PRIVATE COLLECTION
    W. 65 x L. 85 x D. 85 cm
    hana.m
    Named contemporary work « Gïsco », Made by ANITA C - LEMONDANITA
    MAKE AN OFFER
    W. 100 x L. 100 x D. 100 cm
    anita c - lemondanita
    Named contemporary work « Cascade », Made by ZHOU.M
    MAKE AN OFFER
    W. 50 x L. 80 x D. 80 cm
    zhou.m
    Named contemporary work « une soiree, promenade », Made by GEORG SELIGER
    MAKE AN OFFER
    W. 24 x L. 32 x D. 32 cm
    georg seliger
    Named contemporary work « Pourvu qu’il y ait du vent », Made by JEANCH
    MAKE AN OFFER
    W. 81 x L. 117 x D. 117 cm
    jeanch
    Named contemporary work « Pop art flowers », Made by BONNEAU-MARRON
    PRIVATE COLLECTION
    W. 33 x L. 41 x D. 41 cm
    bonneau-marron
    Named contemporary work « Les Salamandres », Made by VALENTINE CARRE
    PRIVATE COLLECTION
    W. 50 x L. 50 x D. 50 cm
    valentine carre
    Named contemporary work « GUAN YIN et le DRAGON », Made by MYCY
    1 250 €
    W. 40 x L. 120 x D. 120 cm
    mycy
    Named contemporary work « YOU ??? », Made by VALENTINE CARRE
    120 €
    W. 21 x L. 30 x D. 30 cm
    valentine carre
    Named contemporary work « Le loup, le chat et…l’intrus! », Made by FLETCHER-MAUNIER
    80 €
    W. 25 x L. 50 x D. 50 cm
    fletcher-maunier
    Named contemporary work « Au pied de cochon », Made by CATHERINE SéNéCHAL
    4 330 €
    W. 100 x L. 60 x D. 60 cm
    catherine sénéchal
    Named contemporary work « l'Automne », Made by LAULPIC
    PRIVATE COLLECTION
    W. 30 x L. 30 x D. 30 cm
    laulpic
    Named contemporary work « Ruban rose », Made by LV
    600 €
    W. 72 x L. 100 x D. 100 cm
    lv
    Named contemporary work « Amor Infinito », Made by PEDRO LARA
    PRIVATE COLLECTION
    W. 250.02 x L. 250.02 x D. 250.02 px
    pedro lara
    Named contemporary work « TOURNESOL 1 », Made by FAYARD
    250 €
    W. 100 x L. 70 x D. 70 cm
    fayard
    Named contemporary work « Un goût de printemps », Made by ANNE VIGNAU
    950 €
    W. 60 x L. 60 x D. 60 cm
    anne vignau
    Named contemporary work « Les Grenouilles », Made by VALENTINE CARRE
    100 €
    W. 20 x L. 20 x D. 20 cm
    valentine carre
    Named contemporary work « Goëland  3 », Made by KATIA CASELLAS-CLERTé
    180 €
    W. 30 x L. 30 x D. 30 cm
    katia casellas-clerté
    Named contemporary work « Pot à maté & Cie », Made by CéLINE ZURETTI
    720 €
    W. 120 x L. 40 x D. 40 cm
    céline zuretti