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Van Goyen

Jan Van Goyen is a Dutch painter from the Golden Age. He left many paintings depicting lakes, rivers, forest paths and canals around Rotterdam, Emmerik, Arnhem, Gouda, Leiden, The Hague, Dordrecht and Delft.

 

His life

Van Goyen was born; January 13, 1596 at Leiden. He is the son of Joseph Van Goyen, a shoemaker. Between 1608 and 1615, after having renounced become a glass blower and have been a professional apprenticed to three painters, he left for Hoorn.

At the age of 19, around 1615/1616, he made a study trip to France with his former master. Around 1617, he continued his training at Haarlem with Esaias Van de Velde. The latter had a great influence on him and taught him a new pictorial style. In 1618, he returned to Leiden, his hometown, and married there. Apart from his profession as a painter, Van Goyen also carries out the activity of painting. of an art dealer. It was in 1620 that he published his very first signed work. Subsequently, he produced around eight hundred drawings and a thousand paintings.

In 1632, he settled permanently in the city. The Hague. He will only leave this city for a few trips. There, he opened a frequent workshop. by many painters such as Jan Steen, Berchem, Saftleven, Van der Kabel. After Van Goyen’s arrival at The Hague, he is admitted to the guild of Saint-Luc and became its dean in 1640. He drew around ten paintings of the Valkhof à agrave; Nijmegen, between 1638 and 1653. During his trip to Nijmegen, In Antwerp, he painted Fort Lillo on the Scheldt.
In 1649, Jan Steen married Grietje, the daughter of Jan Van Goyen. Steen also draws a portrait of the family. Gerard Ter Borch, a student of Van Goyen, will also paint his portrait.
On April 27, 1656, Van Goyen died in Paris. The Hague. His property was put up for auction after his death to cover his debts.


His style

Van Goyen's works belong to the baroque. Just like Salomon Van Ruysdael, the painter specializes in landscape painting. From 1630, he contributed to the development of river landscape painting and seascape painting, under skies full of clouds and rainy.

His style is characterized by the alternation of lighter and darker bands, especially in his latest works. He does not draw in a realistic way, we can notice this for example by looking at his painting which represents the Hooglandse Kerk of Leiden on the banks of a river. It is not the overall impression or even the different elements composing them that characterize his works. Furthermore, their specificity is defined by the activity human since Jan Van Goyen likes to observe the details of daily life.
The painter is especially active in the 17th century during the classical period. In the creation of his paintings, Van Goyen particularly used the following artistic techniques: ink, pencil, oil on wood.

With Pieter Molijn and Salomon Van Ruyesdael, Van Goyen brings a new trend to fashion. Dutch landscape art which established itself around the middle of the 17th century. They thus abandon the mannerist taste for the decorative and picturesque, theatrical and fanciful perspectives, strong lighting contrasts and bright colors, and favor naturalism of spirit modern. They rely on monochrome by giving more space to clouds, the horizon and the sky and emphasizing the light values.


His works

The best-known works of Jan Van Goyen are the following: Peasants on an Embankment, Inn at the Water's Edge, View of the River… which illustrate his favorite subjects: landscape, sport, leisure.

His first works are still mannerist in conception and are reminiscent of the genre scene. They look like those of Esaias Van de Velde and Avercamp. With his work « Castle with two round towers», he describes the anecdote, uses a miniaturist style and emphasizes the architecture.

Around 1626 or 1628, just like Salomon Van Ruysdael and Pieter Molijn, the painter abandoned small, precious formats and used the diagonal which unified and structured the composition. For example, in his painting « The Village of 1626 » (Lakenhal, Leiden), the figures are reduced and lose their anecdotal character.

À From 1630, Jan Van Goyen obtained a certain originality in his work. by giving importance to the sky and the landscape, by focusing on monochrome smears and light tones, and by looking for a more muted color. With « Les Chaumieres near the shore» (1631), picturesque details (the characters, the cart, the cottages) are used to support the diagonal.

At the same time as Salomon Ruysdael, he also uses the tree as a foil to the carefully defined foliage. With « The Blasted Oak », the tree placed against the stormy sky offers an effect of depth to the viewer. the composition. And the bluish grays combine perfectly with the ochres of the earth.

His views of rivers appeared as early as 1636. Jan Van Goyen thus produced ever more imposing and more simplified compositions. À At this time, the diagonal lost its importance in his works as in those of Ruysdael.

The painter accentuates and reinforces the horizontals and the vertical rhythm of the bell towers, sails, roofs transformed into dark silhouettes. In « The Rhineland Landscape, The Town of Elten » (1647), he focuses on contrasts of light and shadow.

In his panoramas, Van Goyen will emphasize more and more on light and atmosphere as well as on ever more muted colors . He chooses golden or silver grays which come together and represent the still lifes of his contemporaries: Willem Heda or Pieter Claez.

The painter also highlights the clouds and the sky. This is a great innovation for posterity, especially among the « sailors ».

Characters that contrast with the glistening reflections of the water make the landscape much brighter. In « The View of the Rhine near Etelberg », Jan Van Goyen plays on the alternation of light and shadow, which gives maximum radiance.

Découvrez quelques oeuvres inspirées de Van Goyen

Named contemporary work « Mer, rouge et or », Made by PHILIPPE LE MONIES DE SAGAZAN
PRIVATE COLLECTION
W. 100 x L. 81 x D. 81 cm
philippe le monies de sagazan
Named contemporary work « Tatihou au couchant », Made by VAL.H
PRIVATE COLLECTION
W. 55 x L. 36 x D. 36 cm
val.h
Named contemporary work « Geishas 2 », Made by GUILLOU
400 €
W. 33 x L. 46 x D. 46 cm
guillou
Named contemporary work « Anglèze de Sagazan 3 », Made by PHILIPPE LE MONIES DE SAGAZAN
PRIVATE COLLECTION
philippe le monies de sagazan
Named contemporary work « LES SABLES D'OLONNE », Made by JOUAN
PRIVATE COLLECTION
W. 46 x L. 30 x D. 30 cm
jouan
Named contemporary work « " Promenade en forêt de Rambouillet " Détail n°3 », Made by VAL.H
PRIVATE COLLECTION
W. 55 x L. 46 x D. 46 cm
val.h
Named contemporary work « pont pente douce vaux sur seine », Made by   MARIA  COUTINHO   /  MARIA  C.
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W. 46 x L. 37 x D. 37 cm
maria coutinho / maria c.
Named contemporary work « La Mission de Carmel , Californie , USA », Made by ROGER J.
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W. 30 x L. 40 x D. 40 cm
roger j.
Named contemporary work « Saint jean détail 1 », Made by PHILIPPE LE MONIES DE SAGAZAN
PRIVATE COLLECTION
W. 70 x L. 170 x D. 170 cm
philippe le monies de sagazan
Named contemporary work « Dans les bois », Made by FREDPOIRI FRéDéRIC POIRI
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W. 50 x L. 120 x D. 120 cm
fredpoiri frédéric poiri
Named contemporary work « Nu 6 », Made by GUILLOU
70 €
W. 30 x L. 50 x D. 50 cm
guillou
Named contemporary work « LE GROS HORLOGE », Made by JOUAN
60 €
W. 19 x L. 29 x D. 29 cm
jouan
Named contemporary work « Coup de Balais », Made by JEAN-FRANçOIS LESENFANS
800 €
W. 81 x L. 116 x D. 116 cm
jean-françois lesenfans
Named contemporary work « Montfort l'Amaury », Made by JOëL
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W. 80 x L. 80 x D. 80 cm
joël
Named contemporary work « sujets vivants à l'hautil », Made by   MARIA  COUTINHO   /  MARIA  C.
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W. 63 x L. 37 x D. 37 cm
maria coutinho / maria c.
Named contemporary work « Le Chemin des Moines II 1 », Made by LORENZO RAPPELLI
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W. 46 x L. 38 x D. 38 cm
lorenzo rappelli
Named contemporary work « Au pied de l'arbre », Made by FREDPOIRI FRéDéRIC POIRI
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W. 40 x L. 80 x D. 80 cm
fredpoiri frédéric poiri
Named contemporary work « Riviera », Made by GUILLOU
450 €
W. 46 x L. 55 x D. 55 cm
guillou
Named contemporary work « Amandiers jaunes », Made by PHILIPPE LE MONIES DE SAGAZAN
PRIVATE COLLECTION
W. 130 x L. 97 x D. 97 cm
philippe le monies de sagazan
Named contemporary work « Sous les amandiers », Made by PHILIPPE LE MONIES DE SAGAZAN
PRIVATE COLLECTION
W. 90 x L. 90 x D. 90 cm
philippe le monies de sagazan
Named contemporary work « Chemin bordé de coquelicots », Made by SYLVIE PIOLI
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W. 38 x L. 46 x D. 46 cm
sylvie pioli
Named contemporary work « Velero clásico en competición », Made by JAVIER SAMANIEGO
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W. 70 x L. 50 x D. 50 cm
javier samaniego
Named contemporary work « Paris au crepuscule », Made by KING LI
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W. 60 x L. 60 x D. 60 cm
king li
Named contemporary work « Retour de  pêche », Made by VAL.H
PRIVATE COLLECTION
W. 40 x L. 30 x D. 30 cm
val.h
Named contemporary work « L'Estacade de Le Crotoy », Made by LEFEVRE
PRIVATE COLLECTION
W. 80 x L. 80 x D. 80 cm
lefevre
Named contemporary work « la planete terre de demain si.... », Made by   MARIA  COUTINHO   /  MARIA  C.
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W. 62 x L. 38 x D. 38 cm
maria coutinho / maria c.
Named contemporary work « La chanteuse des rues », Made by GUILLOU
400 €
W. 38 x L. 46 x D. 46 cm
guillou
Named contemporary work « Nu 12 », Made by GUILLOU
70 €
W. 30 x L. 50 x D. 50 cm
guillou
Named contemporary work « Sapins dans la brume 1 », Made by L.VERHOEVEN
PRIVATE COLLECTION
W. 130 x L. 90 x D. 90 cm
l.verhoeven
Named contemporary work « Jeux  dans l'air », Made by PHILIPPE LE MONIES DE SAGAZAN
PRIVATE COLLECTION
W. 100 x L. 81 x D. 81 cm
philippe le monies de sagazan
Named contemporary work « El pino verde », Made by PHILIPPE LE MONIES DE SAGAZAN
PRIVATE COLLECTION
W. 81 x L. 54 x D. 54 cm
philippe le monies de sagazan
Named contemporary work « La maison coloniale », Made by GUILLOU
500 €
W. 46 x L. 61 x D. 61 cm
guillou
Named contemporary work « Paysage marin 5-2011 - 190x280cm », Made by ELEONORE BERNAIR
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W. 280 x L. 190 x D. 190 cm
eleonore bernair
Named contemporary work « PASSERELLE SUR LA SAONE », Made by RAMSERIC
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W. 62 x L. 51 x D. 51 cm
ramseric
Named contemporary work « Les bouleaux », Made by FREDPOIRI FRéDéRIC POIRI
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W. 150 x L. 50 x D. 50 cm
fredpoiri frédéric poiri
Named contemporary work « Huître 3 », Made by VAL.H
PRIVATE COLLECTION
W. 35 x L. 22 x D. 22 cm
val.h
Named contemporary work « Floraison », Made by PHILIPPE LE MONIES DE SAGAZAN
PRIVATE COLLECTION
W. 80 x L. 60 x D. 60 cm
philippe le monies de sagazan
Named contemporary work « la planète terre d'aujourd'hui », Made by   MARIA  COUTINHO   /  MARIA  C.
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W. 60 x L. 50 x D. 50 cm
maria coutinho / maria c.
Named contemporary work « Marie-Madeleine détail », Made by PHILIPPE LE MONIES DE SAGAZAN
PRIVATE COLLECTION
W. 120 x L. 160 x D. 160 cm
philippe le monies de sagazan
Named contemporary work « Les petits bateaux », Made by FREDPOIRI FRéDéRIC POIRI
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W. 50 x L. 100 x D. 100 cm
fredpoiri frédéric poiri
Named contemporary work « au loin, la vallée », Made by YVES OGIER
300 €
W. 40 x L. 40 x D. 40 cm
yves ogier
Named contemporary work « Brume à Venise », Made by JEAN CHOUET
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W. 35 x L. 27 x D. 27 cm
jean chouet
Named contemporary work « « Soir Toit Uni » 2 », Made by ANNSO HDMR
60 €
W. 21 x L. 29 x D. 29 cm
annso hdmr
Named contemporary work « San Gines de la Parra détail », Made by PHILIPPE LE MONIES DE SAGAZAN
PRIVATE COLLECTION
W. 60 x L. 140 x D. 140 cm
philippe le monies de sagazan
Named contemporary work « Peinture acrylique 3512 », Made by MUSTAPHA BELKOUCH
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W. 20 x L. 20 x D. 20 cm
mustapha belkouch
Named contemporary work « Forêt-Fouesnant panoramique », Made by GILLES CLAIRIN
950 €
W. 80 x L. 40 x D. 40 cm
gilles clairin
Named contemporary work « Canots anciens Barfleur », Made by VAL.H
PRIVATE COLLECTION
W. 47 x L. 37 x D. 37 cm
val.h
Named contemporary work « Bord de canal », Made by GUILLOU
1 300 €
W. 97 x L. 130 x D. 130 cm
guillou
Named contemporary work « Les cabanons », Made by GUILLOU
PRIVATE COLLECTION
W. 73 x L. 100 x D. 100 cm
guillou
Named contemporary work « Arnerault' beach at La Flotte en Ré », Made by PICH
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W. 73 x L. 100 x D. 100 cm
pich