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De Kooning

Abstract expressionism is a major movement in the history of 20th century art, to which Pollock, Rothko and De Kooning.


Willem de Kooning: his beginnings

His youth Rotterdam

De Kooning was born; in 1904 in Rotterdam (Netherlands) and died in 1997 in the United States. Of Dutch origin, he became an American naturalized citizen. Born in a poor family, son of a wine merchant, his parents divorced when he was three years old. In his teens, he worked as an apprentice in an interior design company, his first exposure to the art world, and attended the Rotterdam School of Fine Arts.


His discovery of art in the United States

He embarks on a journey 21 years illegally for the United States. He then discovered Greenwich Village, the artists' district of New York. He found work as a building painter whose technique of working with fluid paint and large brushes would influence his art. It is very marked by the artistic effervescence, abstract art and jazz which reign in the city. this time. He made decisive encounters, such as John Graham, Marcel Duchamp and Arshile Gorky with whom he became friends.
In the 1930s, President Roosevelt asked him to create public murals; he then worked under the direction of Fernand Léger who would have a great influence on him. This work was his first abstractions. In 1934, he became a member of the Artist's Union and decided two years later to devote his life to art. the painting. It starts at made himself known in the 1940s.

 

Willem de Kooning: his art


His painting

De Kooning is considered as the initiator of abstraction. In 1947, he shared his studio with Arshile Gorky, an Armenian painter, and both were equally interested in art. the abstraction that’’ the figuration, having as flagships Picasso and Miro. He works at across a wide range of styles, which ranges from figuration to abstraction, often merging the two. But he always refused. to be affiliated with a style. For him, "style is a trick". We can, however, compare his painting to abstract expressionism, some even considering him to be its precursor.
His first attempts towards abstraction are painted portraits, influenced by Ingres and Picasso. The faces and bodies are fragmented into fragments. the cubist way. De Kooning uses both gouache and pastel, as well as mixed techniques. His work is composed of paintings, drawings but also sculptures. Under the advice of his friend Arshile Gorky, he succeeded in paint "keeping a flat shape while giving the idea of volume".

 

The female figure

He represented a lot of people. women, the female figure being a particularly fertile subject, but his paintings of women have been widely explored. among the most controversial of his work. The painter began his series of Women (from 1938 to 1943) and worked at the same time to create costumes and sets for the ballet "Les nuages". at the MET (Metropolitan Opera House in New York).

The aggressive and non-standard representation of women and their nudity intrigued and scared the public. The woman is represented in a way that is very far from the stereotypical image of the submissive American housewife. They are icons much more than portraits. But MOMA accepted the change in style from abstract to figurative and purchased Woman I.


Son éevolution

It was in the 1940s that he was perceived as a painter belonging to the abstract expressionism movement; his works are then full of biomorphic forms, developing a type of semi-figurative, semi-abstract representation.
In 1948, the painter exhibited for the first time in a gallery. the Charles Egan Gallery works mainly in black and white. The MOMA (Museum of Modern Art in New York) is the first to open its doors. buy him a painting, which has the title Painting. He will be at At that time he was a professor at Black Mountain College, a hotbed of avant-garde artists.
In the 1950s, he turned resolutely towards pure abstraction, considering it absurd to want to represent the human figure.
It was when Alfred H. Barr, director of MOMA, in 1950, chose him as one of the artists representing the 25th Venice Biennale and selected several of his works. ;works that his career has The international development begins.
In the 1970s, he began to develop his skills. sculpture and lithography and explored new painting techniques, this one being thicker and more sensual.
In the 80s, his paintings were lighter and more peaceful, with strong colors on a light background: The key and the Parade.

 

Willem de Kooning: his sales, his successes

One of the main and most important paintings of the painter is Excavation, completed in 1950, for which he received the Logan Medal and the Art Institute of Chicago Prize. This table is considered as one of the most important of the 20th century.
His abstract and subjectless prints, characterized by the technique of colored or uncolored lithography, regularly reach sales during sales. several thousand euros. His work Wave reached the record for 357,760 euros.
His paintings are among the most highly valued works on the art market. of art. Resolutely abstract, they are especially prized by collectors of abstract art. His paintings are often estimated for several thousand dollars, and sold for more than that. of the estimate, such as Composition, estimated at 16,800 euros and sold for 26,860 euros, or Women as landscape, estimated at 60,000,000 dollars and sold for 80,000,000 dollars.
The record canvas of the painter is Interchange, sold in 2015 for 300,000,000 dollars, the most expensive in the world after the work of Leonardo da Vinci : Salvator Mundi.
His drawings are abstract and distort the human figure, done in pastel, pencil, graphite or gouache. Female representations are among the most appreciated drawings. It was Yellow women which reached the record, sold for €4,928,000.
His sculptures take the modified and non-realistic female figure. His sculptural production began in 1969. Among his great successes: Reclining figure sold for $1,500,000 and Clamdigger sold for $26,000,000.

Découvrez quelques oeuvres inspirées de De Kooning

Named contemporary work « Frénésie extatique », Made by PATOU.B
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W. 200 x L. 120 x D. 120 cm
patou.b
Named contemporary work « lunaire », Made by MANUEL NAVARRO
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W. 90 x L. 90 x D. 90 cm
manuel navarro
Named contemporary work « Green abstraction », Made by BONNEAU-MARRON
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W. 70 x L. 70 x D. 70 cm
bonneau-marron
Named contemporary work « Cycles », Made by B2L
1 000 €
W. 80 x L. 80 x D. 80 cm
b2l
Named contemporary work « Énergie et douceur florale », Made by FAB’M-
PRIVATE COLLECTION
W. 50 x L. 61 x D. 61 cm
fab’m-
Named contemporary work « ECUME D OR », Made by LAURENCE LBN
3 300 €
W. 66 x L. 55 x D. 55 cm
laurence lbn
Named contemporary work « Lagon », Made by JEAN-MARC DESEUR
1 700 €
W. 80 x L. 120 x D. 120 cm
jean-marc deseur
Named contemporary work « Color », Made by ANY
1 080 €
W. 77 x L. 55 x D. 55 cm
any
Named contemporary work « Girafes au clair de lune 8 ( Couple ) », Made by FRANK
1 000 €
W. 80 x L. 60 x D. 60 cm
frank
Named contemporary work « CREPACIA », Made by STEF'ART
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W. 50 x L. 50 x D. 50 cm
stef'art
Named contemporary work « Nature 5177 », Made by BONNEAU-MARRON
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W. 20 x L. 20 x D. 20 cm
bonneau-marron
Named contemporary work « Nature 5176 », Made by BONNEAU-MARRON
PRIVATE COLLECTION
W. 22 x L. 16 x D. 16 cm
bonneau-marron
Named contemporary work « Fleur de flammes », Made by CéACHE
160 €
W. 24 x L. 30 x D. 30 cm
céache
Named contemporary work « Architecture impossible », Made by CELO
495 €
W. 42 x L. 32 x D. 32 cm
celo
Named contemporary work « Gueridon », Made by ANY
290 €
W. 60 x L. 60 x D. 60 cm
any
Named contemporary work « Nature 5165 », Made by BONNEAU-MARRON
PRIVATE COLLECTION
W. 30 x L. 30 x D. 30 cm
bonneau-marron
Named contemporary work « Un monde à explorer », Made by FAB’M-
PRIVATE COLLECTION
W. 80 x L. 80 x D. 80 cm
fab’m-
Named contemporary work « Les vendanges de l agasse », Made by CHRISTOPHE MARTINEZ
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W. 100 x L. 100 x D. 100 cm
christophe martinez
Named contemporary work « PORTAIL MULTIDIMENSIONNEL », Made by JEAN-MARC GAYRAUD
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W. 80 x L. 80 x D. 80 cm
jean-marc gayraud
Named contemporary work « Foule en liesse », Made by B2L
1 000 €
W. 80 x L. 80 x D. 80 cm
b2l
Named contemporary work « TERRA ROUGE », Made by SAVERINO
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W. 60 x L. 80 x D. 80 cm
saverino
Named contemporary work « ALLEZ…ON Y CROIT », Made by FLETCHER-MAUNIER
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W. 13 x L. 13 x D. 13 cm
fletcher-maunier
Named contemporary work « Spruzzata », Made by PASCALE MARGAIL
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W. 60 x L. 80 x D. 80 cm
pascale margail
Named contemporary work « L’amour libéré », Made by PAOLA CONTE « PAO »
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W. 30 x L. 30 x D. 30 cm
paola conte « pao »
Named contemporary work « brindille », Made by BDUM
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W. 40 x L. 30 x D. 30 cm
bdum
Named contemporary work « SANS », Made by LOPEZ
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W. 120 x L. 80 x D. 80 cm
lopez
Named contemporary work « Feu follet », Made by FRANçOISE BEAUQUEL
600 €
W. 75 x L. 95 x D. 95 cm
françoise beauquel
Named contemporary work « Difficile », Made by OLIVIER LUX
500 €
W. 50 x L. 70 x D. 70 cm
olivier lux
Named contemporary work « Dynamo », Made by AXIOME
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W. 40 x L. 60 x D. 60 cm
axiome
Named contemporary work « Empreintes », Made by JEAN COUSTEIX
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W. 130 x L. 160 x D. 160 cm
jean cousteix
Named contemporary work « QUAND JE CONNAÎTRAI TON ÂME JE PEINDRAI TES YEUX », Made by LEPRIN
1 000 €
W. 90 x L. 90 x D. 90 cm
leprin
Named contemporary work « Volcan vivant », Made by CéACHE
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W. 40 x L. 50 x D. 50 cm
céache
Named contemporary work « Sage comme une image », Made by FAB’M-
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W. 90 x L. 90 x D. 90 cm
fab’m-
Named contemporary work « Regard d'avant », Made by EMMANUELLE
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W. 30 x L. 30 x D. 30 cm
emmanuelle
Named contemporary work « Floraissance », Made by NJLAMBERT
500 €
W. 60 x L. 70 x D. 70 cm
njlambert
Named contemporary work « Abstraction 07 », Made by STOECKLIN FRéDéRIC
PRIVATE COLLECTION
W. 20 x L. 20 x D. 20 cm
stoecklin frédéric
Named contemporary work « ROSIE », Made by ATELIER JYS
200 €
W. 50 x L. 50 x D. 50 cm
atelier jys
Named contemporary work « Dauphin en goguette », Made by CéACHE
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W. 24 x L. 30 x D. 30 cm
céache
Named contemporary work « Nnem _ 028 », Made by CARLOSANTANART
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W. 180 x L. 90 x D. 90 cm
carlosantanart
Named contemporary work « Amour fissuré », Made by B2L
2 000 €
W. 80 x L. 80 x D. 80 cm
b2l
Named contemporary work « Mikado », Made by B2L
300 €
W. 30 x L. 30 x D. 30 cm
b2l
Named contemporary work « Brume et escarbilles », Made by B2L
300 €
W. 30 x L. 30 x D. 30 cm
b2l
Named contemporary work « Chemin faisant », Made by LN
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W. 40 x L. 40 x D. 40 cm
ln
Named contemporary work « Connection 1 », Made by BONNEAU-MARRON
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W. 54 x L. 73 x D. 73 cm
bonneau-marron
Named contemporary work « planetes », Made by JSAMRIEN
420 €
W. 40 x L. 70 x D. 70 cm
jsamrien
Named contemporary work « variation121021 », Made by PHELDOR
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W. 73 x L. 92 x D. 92 cm
pheldor
Named contemporary work « JAZZY », Made by LYSIANE BECK
8 500 €
W. 150 x L. 150 x D. 150 cm
lysiane beck
Named contemporary work « Eblouissant », Made by OLIVIER LUX
570 €
W. 50 x L. 70 x D. 70 cm
olivier lux
Named contemporary work « Nature 5159 », Made by BONNEAU-MARRON
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W. 30 x L. 30 x D. 30 cm
bonneau-marron
Named contemporary work « Mandala Perlé 26 », Made by STOECKLIN FRéDéRIC
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W. 15 x L. 15 x D. 15 cm
stoecklin frédéric