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Throughout time, artists have sought to push the boundaries of art, giving birth to new styles, new techniques and surprising works. Duchamp, through hard work and thanks toa totally innovative vision, has made it possible to transpose art beyond matter.

A bourgeois youth

It was within a large family that Duchamp began his life, in July 1887. Born; near Rouen, in what was then called the bourgeoisie, he grew up surrounded by six other brothers and sisters. His lively mind allows him to learn from scratch. master the rules of chess at a very young age. He will nourish and develop this passion throughout his life. However, art also attracted the young Duchamp. Its sensitivity and his strategic mind, reinforced by his centers of interest, allow him to pursue his studies with excellence. In 1904, his destiny took him to Paris, where he undertakes a training course in the arts sector. painting then becomes his Ingres violin.

An unconventional spirit

The world of peinture in which he gravitates turns out to be very demanding, but above all fundamentally traditionalist. Unfortunately, Duchamp had an independent spirit, in search of renewal and perpetual questioning. This side rebellious character is not suitable for its environment. As soon as he realizes this, the artiste turns away somewhat away from his art academy and begins to explore his work. evolve in the world of the night. Billiard rooms and Parisian cabarets became his daily life. This lifestyle impacts his studies, hitting him hard. a resounding failure, when entering the world. the Ecole des Beaux-Arts of Paris.

A solitary apprenticeship

For several years, Duchamp searched for himself as an artist. This results in a hazardous journey, through extremely varied works. Classifying Duchamp in a precise style is impossible to do. this period of his life. From Impressionism to Cubism, he explores all the nuances of the art of his time. In 1912, however, he tried to exhibit his work at the Salon des independants. His work "Nude Descending a Staircase" did not find its audience. On the contrary, all that the artist collects during this exhibition are only debates, doubts and criticism. He therefore decides to continue his tests, research and other experiences, with the sole aim of emerging as an accomplished artist.

New York and the world of sculpture

Duchamp fails to achieve this; establish yourself as a painter. Small small, sculpture seems to make him flourish more. In particular, it allows him to study new ways of approaching art in its purest essence. The artist sculptor feels that he is close to his goal. Every day, he diverts utilitarian objects to create innovative and inspired art, futuristic and questioning. His arrival at New York marks a real turning point in his life. Having left France due to the war, he leaves again zero. Finding your bearings, finding a workshop, making a name for yourself and meeting new friends, the road is long, but the sculptor does not lack will. He eventually found patrons and his work began to take off. Be recognized by your peers.

A unique personality sulphurous

It is vain to chase one's naturalness, as the proverb expresses so well. The rebellious nature of Duchamp comes back at a gallop, despite the violence. the ocean which separates it from its roots. The years that followed his installation there New York, the artist sculptor is getting a lot of attention. Sometimes, through his art. Sometimes, because of its excesses. From scandals to major projects, Duchamp is not idle.

Conceptual art

Duchamp leaves no one indifferent. When some people cry genius, others rebel against what they think is an imposter. In reality, Duchamp's art challenges, questions and shakes up conventions. Let's cite for example "Fontaine", a simple urinal exposed to the sun. in 1917. Taking people by surprise, the sculptor's goal is to ask a simple question: what is possible to achieve in art? He hopes that the world can realize that art simply has no limits and that the message sometimes prevails over the form. Thus was born conceptual art.

Duchamp, his emblematic works

Besides "Fontaine", in 1917, which he described as: "an everyday object ;raised to the dignity of a work of art by the act of choice of the artist", several creations have marked lastingly the history of art:

  • The Bicycle Wheel: the latter, only attached to the wheel. a modest stool, was to question the limits of art,
  • L.H.O.O.Q.: the artist delivers here a postcard, representing the Mona Lisa, slightly modified. By reading the acronym, in French, the observer deciphers a vulgar message,
  • The large glass is made up of two frames depicting a bride and several single people,
  • Fresh Widow: Duchamp here wants to question notions of perception and sight,
  • Bottle Rack: the artist sculptor deliberately chooses to prohibit the use of bottles. this bottle holder fulfills its mission. Takeover of the artist, phallic metaphor, interpretations can be multiple,
  • ÉGiven: the work, here, is a painting enclosed within itself. and hidden through a solid wooden door. It can only be observed through two peepholes,
  • Prelude to a Broken Arm: this ready-made reminds us that objects have a reason for being.

Everything that Duchamp seeks to achieve; what he has to do, throughout his life, is to emancipate himself from an art which aims to be almost exclusively retinal, to merge with an art of the mind which has the merit, according to him, of moving things forward, of pushing for change. reflection, to encourage reflection experimentation. Nihilism and derision permeate all his creations, at least as much as his free spirit.

Duchamp, a major artist

In the world of art, he is recognized as one of the most influential artists of his century, alongside ;summers of Picasso and Matisse. Duchamp dies at at the age of 81, Neuilly-sur-Seine, October 2, 1968.

Découvrez quelques oeuvres inspirées de Duchamp

Named contemporary work « Zman », Made by ERIC SEURIN
W. 25 x L. 25 x D. 25 cm
eric seurin
Named contemporary work « Boulevard Vincent Auriol », Made by GHIS
5 000 €
W. 60 x L. 60 x D. 60 cm
Named contemporary work « Terra cognita », Made by ISABELLE DELEDDA
600 €
W. 60 x L. 70 x D. 70 cm
isabelle deledda
Named contemporary work « 2020 », Made by GHIS
5 000 €
W. 60 x L. 60 x D. 60 cm
Named contemporary work « La petite fagotiere », Made by JACQUES TAFFOREAU
400 €
W. 35 x L. 45 x D. 45 cm
jacques tafforeau
Named contemporary work « JEAN-LUC MELENCHON "Maître Yoda de STAR MARX" », Made by GORCE OU GOR
W. 20 x L. 30 x D. 30 cm
gorce ou gor
Named contemporary work « Lettres d'Arménie 6C », Made by TOUCAS-TERZIAN
W. 50 x L. 50 x D. 50 cm
Named contemporary work « Remolino », Made by SAROGARGO
W. 32 x L. 20 x D. 20 cm
Named contemporary work « Mille pièces pour une pièce », Made by DAMNAé
W. 40 x L. 40 x D. 40 cm
Named contemporary work « En floraison », Made by FAB’M-
W. 50 x L. 61 x D. 61 cm
Named contemporary work « Le concert des nations », Made by O. WELLé
10 000 €
W. 120 x L. 160 x D. 160 cm
o. wellé
Named contemporary work « PAN NEGRO », Made by ANTONIO OLMOS
1 500 €
W. 63 x L. 95 x D. 95 cm
antonio olmos
Named contemporary work « Le dernier éléphant », Made by ANAïS MAGNIN
W. 200 x L. 215 x D. 215 cm
anaïs magnin
Named contemporary work « Lampe Tahiti », Made by FETHI SEBOUAI
480 €
W. 150 x L. 450 x D. 450 cm
fethi sebouai
Named contemporary work « Le Poissifère », Made by JACOUN BISOU
1 000 €
W. 50 x L. 42 x D. 42 cm
jacoun bisou
Named contemporary work « Pastorale », Made by JEAN-FRANçOIS LESENFANS
350 €
W. 27 x L. 38 x D. 38 cm
jean-françois lesenfans
Named contemporary work « 21th century », Made by GHIS
5 000 €
W. 60 x L. 60 x D. 60 cm
Named contemporary work « Marilyn Pop Corn Movie », Made by RYTHER
W. 1025 x L. 723 x D. 723 cm
Named contemporary work « Anges », Made by BEKIS ULJANA
W. 50 x L. 70 x D. 70 cm
bekis uljana
Named contemporary work « Everytime Everywhere », Made by GHIS
5 000 €
W. 60 x L. 60 x D. 60 cm
Named contemporary work « Robotik 1 », Made by WILFRID STRINTZ
W. 30 x L. 40 x D. 40 cm
wilfrid strintz
Named contemporary work « Assise », Made by BERNARD DELHALLE
400 €
W. 40 x L. 60 x D. 60 cm
bernard delhalle
Named contemporary work « Sombre », Made by LEOCANE
W. 12 x L. 20 x D. 20 cm
Named contemporary work « Conte dog », Made by MUNICO
W. 100 x L. 70 x D. 70 cm
Named contemporary work « Le carburateur permet ce mélange d'air et d'essence indispensable à l'inflammation des coeurs et des sens », Made by TENDRE EST L’ART BRUT
W. 24 x L. 32 x D. 32 cm
tendre est l’art brut
Named contemporary work « Abstraction fractale », Made by LUCAE
W. 100 x L. 100 x D. 100 cm
Named contemporary work « "Voyage en Avant-Gardie" de Lakonik & Lujan », Made by LAKONIK
W. 21 x L. 21 x D. 21 cm
Named contemporary work « l'oeil à la perle », Made by ANNIE
850 €
W. 14 x L. 22 x D. 22 cm
Named contemporary work « des faons moi », Made by BRUNY PASCAL
W. 300 x L. 50 x D. 50 cm
bruny pascal
Named contemporary work « De Paris au Japon », Made by FETHI SEBOUAI
3 400 €
W. 60 x L. 120 x D. 120 cm
fethi sebouai
Named contemporary work « Darksoul », Made by GHIS
5 000 €
W. 60 x L. 60 x D. 60 cm
Named contemporary work « red pond », Made by MATTHIEU GROSPIRON
500 €
W. 80 x L. 100 x D. 100 cm
matthieu grospiron
Named contemporary work « "LIVE BETTER WITH CANCER" », Made by TOM CONSTANTIN
W. 84 x L. 118 x D. 118 cm
tom constantin
Named contemporary work « Une imagination fantastique », Made by PLUMES ET LUMIèRES
W. 24 x L. 23 x D. 23 cm
plumes et lumières
Named contemporary work « made up words don't make things real », Made by DAVID SROCZYNSKI
W. 42 x L. 29 x D. 29 cm
david sroczynski
Named contemporary work « Words », Made by GHIS
5 000 €
W. 60 x L. 60 x D. 60 cm
Named contemporary work « la grosse boule », Made by MATTHIEU GROSPIRON
450 €
W. 70 x L. 40 x D. 40 cm
matthieu grospiron
Named contemporary work « OLGA 2019/0041 », Made by SOCLLUM BARCELONA
W. 30 x L. 33 x D. 33 cm
socllum barcelona
Named contemporary work « Illumination », Made by O. WELLé
W. 100 x L. 120 x D. 120 cm
o. wellé
Named contemporary work « Abstrait 5205 », Made by FRANK YAO
W. 52 x L. 82 x D. 82 cm
frank yao
Named contemporary work « Serge Gainsbourg », Made by RICHY WAM K
W. 30 x L. 40 x D. 40 cm
richy wam k
Named contemporary work « Zeyde Bobe », Made by GHIS
5 000 €
W. 60 x L. 60 x D. 60 cm
Named contemporary work « Pendules », Made by PASCALE GERMAIN
W. 20 x L. 20 x D. 20 cm
pascale germain
Named contemporary work « La Joconde Moderne », Made by DALI KA-DKLéE
W. 60 x L. 60 x D. 60 cm
dali ka-dklée
Named contemporary work « L'Olivier Rameau de Paix », Made by A.LALMI
W. 20 x L. 29 x D. 29 cm
Named contemporary work « La famille Koala », Made by JEAN MICHEL PRéVOST
W. 40 x L. 112 x D. 112 cm
jean michel prévost
Named contemporary work « Series  Woman in the Woods », Made by TRICIA MIHO
W. 15 x L. 8 x D. 8 cm
tricia miho
Named contemporary work « LE CONFINEMENT », Made by AMMOUR
1 300 €
W. 70 x L. 90 x D. 90 cm
Named contemporary work « Shadow », Made by GHIS
5 000 €
W. 60 x L. 60 x D. 60 cm
Named contemporary work « Nord », Made by HICHAM DAHIBI
W. 30 x L. 30 x D. 30 cm
hicham dahibi